2. Applying a Splint
Broken bones need a splint to help them heal, and this should be applied before the force from the traction used in the previous step is released. However, if you have used traction to help a dislocated joint, you can allow the joint to relax back into place before putting a splint around the area.
A splint can be made from a variety of materials, and you may have to improvise some based on the exact location of the injury. Here is the basic procedure to help you get started:
1. Grab something rigid such as boards, sticks or rolled up newspaper to use as supports. If none of these items are available, you can use clothing or a rolled blanket.
2. Place the splint around the affected area, and make sure to extend it so that it goes above and below the actual injury. This will offer a greater level of support.
3. Use tape, neckties, cloth strips, belts or anything else that can tie the supports in place. Be careful not to tie anything too tightly as this can cut off the person’s circulation and exacerbate the issue. If any numbness, paleness or swelling occurs after the splint has been put in place, you will need to loosen the ties.